AGMA 2101-D04 PDF

CAUTION NOTICE: AGMA technical publications are subject to constant improvement, ANSI/AGMA D04, Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation. Credit line should read: “Extracted from ANSI/AGMA. Standard D04 or -D04 Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur. Citations should read: See ANSI/AGMA D04, Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear.

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The Association intends to continue working to update this Standard and to incorporate in future revisions the latest acceptable technology from domestic and international sources.

The load distribution curve is needed to calculate the actual deflections but this curve cannot be calculated accurately until the deflection is known. The empirical method requires a minimum amount of information.

If the value of hc min from equation 45 is less than the value for normal case depth from figure 15, then the minimum value from figure 15 should be used. S ut is the material ultimate tensile strength at a normalized reliability level, MPa.

A minimum safety factor is normally established for the designer by specific agreement between manufacturer and purchaser. This is based on data for external gears with smooth bores and no notches or keyways. It depends primarily on: Requests for interpretation of this standard should be addressed to the American Gear Manufacturers Association.

Microhardness is to be measured on the test coupon at a depth not more than 0. Additional higher allowable stress numbers for carburized gears were added when made with high quality steel.

In AGMA gear rating the service factor has been used to include the combined effects of required life cycles, material reliability, and overload factors in an empiri- Factor of safety also must consider human safety risk and the economic consequences of failure.

Consensus is established 2101-r04, in the judgment of the ANSI Board of Standards Review, substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. Initial pitting occurs in localized, overstressed areas. It includes tables for some common tooth forms and the analytical method for involute gears with generated root fillets. Steward Machine Company, Inc.


New Refinements to the Use of AGMA Load Reversal and Reliability Factors

This standard does not provide a method to estimate the minimum film thickness required. For nitrided gears, case depth is specified as total case depth and is defined as the depth below the surface at which the hardness has dropped to percent of the core hardness. Sometimes the bores of bearings or housing are scraped and sometimes an eccentric cartridge 2101-c04 provide an effective means of obtaining initial alignment of the mating gears.

The formulas evaluate gear agmma capacity as influenced by the major factors which affect gear tooth pitting and gear tooth fracture at the fillet radius. Bending strength is measured in terms of the bending tensile stress in a cantilever plate and is directly proportional to this same load. 2101-v04 determining the overload factor, consideration should be given to the fact that many prime movers and driven equipment, individually or in combination, develop momentary peak torques appreciably greater than those determined by the nominal ratings of either the prime mover or the driven equipment.

This risk is a function of oil viscosity and additives, operating bulk temperature of gear blanks, sliding velocity, surface roughness of teeth, gear materials and heat treatments, and surface pressure. For a straddle mounted gear or pinion in an enclosed drive, KHs may be calculated from equation This analysis must include the total system of driver, gearbox, driven equipment, couplings, mounting conditions, and sources of excitation.

In this case, it may be necessary to modify the lead or profile of the gears to arrive at a satisfactory result. For high speed gears, however, it is recommended that the shaft critical speeds be analyzed to ensure that 2011-d04 are well removed from the operating speed range.

Any person who refers to any AGMA technical publication should be sure that the publication is the latest available from aagma Association on the subject matter. Reprinted with 2101-0d4 In such cases, some size factor greater than unity should be used. The bending strength ratings determined by this standard are aggma on plate theory modified agmx consider: Another concern is press fitting the gear onto a shaft as this will induce stresses in the gear rim.


In earlier AGMA standards it was less than 1. For the fully reversing bending condition, the mean stress is 0. A backup ratio of 2.

Metallurgical quality factors for steel materials were defined, establishing minimum 22101-d04 control requirements and allowable stress numbers for various steel quality grades.

The knowledge and judgment required to evaluate the various rating factors come from years of accumulated experience in designing, manufacturing, and operating gear units. The fully reversing bending endurance limit of a material may be found from testing gears or may be found in publications for gears.

Overload factor, Ko see clause 9and dynamic factor, Kv see clause 8 qgma, are included in the rating formulas see clause 5 to account for loads in excess of Ft. The choice of YN in the shaded area is influenced by: The material property data in Table 3 was taken from Jandeska et al. The influence factors are normally used as modifiers to either a calculated stress from part configuration and applied load or to an allowable stress number based on material properties.

Calculation methods

This analysis shows that bending stresses in gear teeth are adversely affected when the rim thickness below the tooth root, tR, is relatively thin as compared to the tooth height, ht. 2101-0d4 in microstructure account for some variation in gear capacity. These numbers are based upon data developed for bending and pitting failure by the U.

Plastic according to VDI A xgma factor is intended to account for uncertainties or statistical variations in: The gear designer should design for the number of stress cycles that are appropriate for the application. Therefore, for gearing of this type, higher core hardnesses are specified for the bending strength.

The values from figure 2 can be calculated as follows: Using Gerber theory results in a

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