United States presidential election of | Candidates, Results, & Facts | artsocial.info
Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr and the American Way of Treason In July , Burr famously shot and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Marshall had been appointed by lame duck president John Adams and confirmed. The United States presidential election of was the fourth United States presidential According to historian John Ferling, the jockeying for electoral votes, regional At the end of a long and bitter campaign, Jefferson and Burr each won 73 Thomas Jefferson of Virginia and former Senator Aaron Burr of New York. How the Rivalry Between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander From left to right, John Adams, Robert Morris, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson. Initially, the two men enjoyed a cordial relationship. . And when the election ended in a tie with Aaron Burr, Hamilton supported Jefferson, arguing that.
One might be tempted to see the opposing sides in as a repeat of the Federalist and Anti-Federalist divisions during the ratification debates of The core groups supporting each side paralleled the earlier division.
Merchants and manufacturers were still leading Federalists, while states' rights advocates filled the Republican ranks just as they had the earlier Anti-Federalists. Support for Thomas Jefferson throughout the entire Western frontier assured his victory over John Adams in the presidential election But a great deal had changed in the intervening decade. The Democratic-Republicans had significantly broadened the old Anti-Federalist coalition.
Most importantly, urban workers and artisans who had supported the Constitution during ratification and who had mostly supported Adams in now joined the Jeffersonians. Also, key leaders like James Madison had changed his political stance by Previously the main figure shaping the Constitution, Madison now emerged as the ablest party organizer among the Republicans.
At base the Democratic-Republicans believed that government needed to be broadly accountable to the people.
Thomas Jefferson - Wikipedia
Their coalition and ideals would dominate American politics well into the nineteenth century. As the first peaceful transition of political power between opposing parties in U. Jefferson appreciated the momentous change and his inaugural address called for reconciliation by declaring that, "We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.
Archiving Early America presents specific examples of how these acts were abused and the role they played in the Election of Includes links to key historical documents of the 18th century. Prior to the duel proper, Hamilton took a good deal of time getting used to the feel and weight of the pistol which had been used in the duel at the same Weehawken site in which his year-old son had been killedas well as putting on his glasses in order to see his opponent more clearly.
The seconds placed Hamilton so that Burr would have the rising sun behind him, and during the brief duel, one witness reported, Hamilton seemed to be hindered by this placement as the sun was in his eyes. Burr's bullet entered Hamilton's abdomen above his right hippiercing Hamilton's liver and spine. Hamilton was evacuated to the Manhattan home of a friend, William Bayard Jr. Burr was charged with multiple crimes, including murder, in New York and New Jersey, but was never tried in either jurisdiction.
He avoided New York and New Jersey for a time, but all the charges against him were eventually dropped. In the case of New Jersey, the indictment was thrown out on the basis that, although Hamilton was shot in New Jersey, he died in New York. Burr conspiracy After Burr left the Vice-Presidency at the end of his term inhe journeyed to the Western frontier, areas west of the Allegheny Mountains and down the Ohio River Valley eventually reaching the lands acquired in the Louisiana Purchase.
Burr had leased 40, acres 16, ha of land—known as the Bastrop Tract—along the Ouachita Riverin Louisiana, from the Spanish government. Starting in Pittsburgh and then proceeding to Beaver, Pennsylvaniaand Wheeling, Virginiaand onward he drummed up support for his plans. Others included Harman Blennerhassettwho offered the use of his private island for training and outfitting Burr's expedition.
Wilkinson would later prove to be a bad choice. In case of a war declaration, Andrew Jackson stood ready to help Burr, who would be in position to immediately join in.
Burr's expedition of about eighty men carried modest arms for hunting, and no materiel was ever revealed, even when Blennerhassett Island was seized by Ohio militia.
20a. The Election of 1800
After a near-incident with Spanish forces at NatchitochesWilkinson decided he could best serve his conflicting interests by betraying Burr's plans to President Jefferson and to his Spanish paymasters. Jefferson issued an order for Burr's arrest, declaring him a traitor before any indictment.
Burr read this in a newspaper in the Territory of Orleans on January 10, Jefferson's warrant put Federal agents on his trail.
Burr twice turned himself in to the Federal authorities. Two judges found his actions legal and released him. He was intercepted at Wakefieldin Mississippi Territory now in the state of Alabamaon February 19, He was confined to Fort Stoddert after being arrested on charges of treason.Thomas Jefferson & His Democracy: Crash Course US History #10
He had tried to secure money and to conceal his true designs, which was to help Mexico overthrow Spanish power in the Southwest. Burr intended to found a dynasty in what would have become former Mexican territory. Jefferson, however, sought the highest charges against Burr.
InBurr was brought to trial on a charge of treason before the United States Circuit court at Richmond, Virginia. The only physical evidence presented to the Grand Jury was Wilkinson's so-called letter from Burr, which proposed the idea of stealing land in the Louisiana Purchase.
During the Jury's examination, the court discovered that the letter was written in Wilkinson's own handwriting. He said he had made a copy because he had lost the original. The Grand Jury threw the letter out as evidence, and the news made a laughingstock of the general for the rest of the proceedings.
Article 3, Section 3 of the United States Constitution requires that treason either be admitted in open court, or proven by an overt act witnessed by two people.
Since no two witnesses came forward, Burr was acquitted on September 1, in spite of the full force of the Jefferson administration's political influence thrown against him.
Burr was immediately tried on a misdemeanor charge and was again acquitted. Jefferson challenged the authority of the Supreme Court, specifically Chief Justice Marshall, an Adams appointee who clashed with Jefferson over John Adams' last-minute judicial appointments.
Jefferson believed that Burr's treason was obvious. Burr sent a letter to Jefferson in which he stated that he could do Jefferson much harm. The case as tried was decided on whether Aaron Burr was present at certain events at certain times and in certain capacities.
United States presidential election - Wikipedia
Thomas Jefferson used all of his influence to get Marshall to convict, but Marshall was not swayed. Stewart, on the other hand, insists that while Burr was not explicitly guilty of treason according to Marshall's definition, evidence exists that links him to treasonous crimes.
For example, Bollman admitted to Jefferson during an interrogation that Burr planned to raise an army and invade Mexico. He said that Burr believed that he should be Mexico's monarch, as a republican government was not right for the Mexican people.
Exile and return By the conclusion of his trial for treason, despite an acquittal, all of Burr's hopes for a political comeback had been dashed, and he fled America and his creditors for Europe.
David HosackHamilton's physician and a friend to both Hamilton and Burr, loaned Burr money for passage on a ship. He became a good friend, even confidant, of the English Utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Benthamand on occasion lived at Bentham's home.
Ever hopeful, he solicited funding for renewing his plans for a conquest of Mexico, but was rebuffed. He was ordered out of England and Napoleon Bonaparte refused to receive him,  although one of his ministers held an interview concerning Burr's goals for Spanish Florida or the British possessions in the Caribbean.
After returning from Europe, Burr used the surname "Edwards", his mother's maiden name, for a while to avoid creditors. With help from old friends Samuel Swartwout and Matthew L.
Davis, Burr returned to New York and his law practice. Later he helped the heirs of the Eden family in a financial lawsuit.