Shakespeare's first audiences)-that Rosalind is a princess, while Orlando is no more .. his relationship to Oliver at the beginning of As You Like It. They suggest .. sets himself the problem of resolving-the consequences of a conflict between. major conflict · Rosalind and Orlando fall in love, but Rosalind is unjustly banished from Duke Frederick's court; Orlando is both denied his birthright by his . This is demonstrated in the central relationship between Rosalind and Orlando. The characters fall in love quickly and their love is articulated in.
Most of the relationships in As You Like It are based on the principle of love at first sight, implying an abrupt and overwhelming falling in love; this can be seen with Rosalind and Orlando right at the beginning of the comedy as well as with Celia and Oliver later in the play, although in the case of the latter the audience does not know at what point of the plot they actually fell in love with each other. An overwhelming romantic, however, is also experienced by Silvius, but his beloved Phebe dismisses him because she believes his love to be a fantasy, mocking thus the principle of love at first sight as well as the impulsive love expressions.
In the end, Phebe marries Silvius as she cannot have Ganymede that is, Rosalind disguised as a man and, due to this, their relationship can be fairly described as a romantic one but rather as a practical connection.
However, in the last act, Shakespeare unites all different pairs of lovers by marriage, after having compared and contrasted them against each other during the play.
Altogether, with this spectrum of love relationships, a greater attention to its romantic expression than to its essence can be found in the play, which shall be analysed briefly in the following. When seeing her for the first time at court, Orlando is unable to express his feelings: Here we can see that Orlando follows the literary tradition of love when he urges to put his emo- tions into words and to display them.
Let no face be kept in mind But the fair of Rosalinde. In addition, when Silvius also falls in love with Phebe, he believes his sentiments to be the truest that have ever been: Silvius, however, is no poet and does not put his feelings into verse like Orlando does. His expressions of love mainly serve one pur- pose, namely to convince Phebe of accepting him; whereas Orlando does not directly woo Rosalind but writes love poetry merely for the joy of being in love.
On the basis of these references, it seems that As You Like It may have been composed in —, but it remains impossible to say with any certainty. Analysis and criticism[ edit ] Rosalind by Robert Walker Macbeth Though the play is consistently one of Shakespeare's most frequently performed comedies, scholars have long disputed over its merits.
Rosalind (As You Like It) - Wikipedia
Shaw liked to think that Shakespeare wrote the play as a mere crowdpleaserand signalled his own middling opinion of the work by calling it As You Like It — as if the playwright did not agree. Tolstoy objected to the immorality of the characters and Touchstone's constant clowning.
Other critics have found great literary value in the work.
Harold Bloom has written that Rosalind is among Shakespeare's greatest and most fully realised female characters. The elaborate gender reversals in the story are of particular interest to modern critics interested in gender studies. Through four acts of the play, Rosalind, who in Shakespeare's day would have been played by a boy, finds it necessary to disguise herself as a boy, whereupon the rustic Phebe, also played by a boy, becomes infatuated with this " Ganymede ", a name with homoerotic overtones.
In fact, the epilogue, spoken by Rosalind to the audience, states rather explicitly that she or at least the actor playing her is not a woman.
In several scenes, "Ganymede" impersonates Rosalind' so a boy actor would have been playing a girl disguised as a boy impersonating a girl.
Setting[ edit ] An etching of the Forest of Arden, created by John Macpherson for a series by Frederick Gard Fleay Arden is the name of a forest located close to Shakespeare's home town of Stratford-upon-Avonbut Shakespeare probably had in mind the French Arden Wood, featured in Orlando Innamoratoespecially since the two Orlando epics, Orlando Innamorato and Orlando Furiosohave other connections with the play.
In the Orlando mythos, Arden Wood is the location of Merlin's Fountain, a magic fountain causing anyone who drinks from it to fall out of love. The Oxford Shakespeare edition rationalises the confusion between the two Ardens by assuming that "Arden" is an anglicisation of the forested Ardennes region of France, where Lodge set his tale  and alters the spelling to reflect this.
Other editions keep Shakespeare's "Arden" spelling, since it can be argued that the pastoral mode depicts a fantastical world in which geographical details are irrelevant. The Arden edition of Shakespeare makes the suggestion that the name "Arden" comes from a combination of the classical region of Arcadia and the biblical garden of Edenas there is a strong interplay of classical and Christian belief systems and philosophies within the play.
Following the tradition of a romantic comedy, As You Like It is a tale of love manifested in its varied forms. In many of the love-stories, it is love at first sight. This principle of "love at first sight" is seen in the love-stories of Rosalind and Orlando, Celia and Oliver, as well as Phebe and Ganymede.
The love-story of Audrey and Touchstone is a parody of romantic love. Another form of love is between women, as in Rosalind and Celia's deep bond. The new Duke Frederick usurps his older brother Duke Senior, while Oliver parallels this behavior by treating his younger brother Orlando so ungenerously as to compel him to seek his fortune elsewhere. Both Duke Senior and Orlando take refuge in the forest, where justice is restored "through nature.
However, it ends happily with reconciliation and forgiveness. Duke Frederick is converted by a hermit and he restores the dukedom to Duke Senior who, in his turn, restores the forest to the deer.
Oliver also undergoes a change of heart and learns to love Orlando. Thus, the play ends on a note of rejoicing and merry-making.
Rosalind and Celia in the forest with Touchstone. Most of the play is a celebration of life in the country. The inhabitants of Duke Frederick's court suffer the perils of arbitrary injustice and even threats of death; the courtiers who followed the old duke into forced exile in the "desert city" of the forest are, by contrast, experiencing liberty but at the expense of some easily borne discomfort.
A passage between Touchstone, the court jester, and shepherd Corin establishes the contentment to be found in country life, compared with the perfumed, mannered life at court. At the end of the play the usurping duke and the exiled courtier Jaques both elect to remain within the forest.
Music and songs[ edit ] As You Like It is known as a musical comedy because of the number of songs in the play. Indeed, there are more songs in it than in any other play of Shakespeare. These songs and music are incorporated in the action that takes place in the forest of Arden, as shown below: It summarises the views of Duke Senior on the advantages of country life over the amenities of the court.
Amiens sings this song. This song is sung by Amiens.
Romantic and Realistic Love in Shakespeare’s "As You Like It"
It states that physical suffering caused by frost and winter winds is preferable to the inner suffering caused by man's ingratitude. It is another song which adds a lively spectacle and some forest-colouring to contrast with love-talk in the adjoining scenes. It serves as a prelude to the wedding ceremony. It praises spring time and is intended to announce the rebirth of nature and the theme of moral regeneration in human life.
As a mood of a character changes, he or she may change from one form of expression to the other in mid-scene. Indeed, in a metafictional touch, Jaques cuts off a prose dialogue with Rosalind because Orlando enters, using verse: All the world's a stage And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts The arresting imagery and figures of speech in the monologue develop the central metaphor: Pastoral mode[ edit ] Walter DeverellThe Mock Marriage of Orlando and Rosalind, The main theme of pastoral comedy is love in all its guises in a rustic setting, the genuine love embodied by Rosalind contrasted with the sentimentalised affectations of Orlando, and the improbable happenings that set the urban courtiers wandering to find exile, solace or freedom in a woodland setting are no more unrealistic than the string of chance encounters in the forest which provoke witty banter and which require no subtleties of plotting and character development.
The main action of the first act is no more than a wrestling match, and the action throughout is often interrupted by a song.