Elia Kazan - Wikipedia
For a long time, Elia Kazan and Arthur Miller were very good friends. bad reputation for destroying both personal and business relationships. Elia Kazan was a Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New . Kazan then went on to direct Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller , and then .. most notably in relation to the Group Theatre, which he called his first "family," and the "best thing professionally" that ever happened to him. "Miller, Kazan, and the Blacklast: None Without Sin" documentary on the political, personal and artistic relationships between Arthur Miller and Elia Kazan that.
You don't deal with actors as dolls. You deal with them as people who are poets to a certain degree. I don't have great range.
Procedures for Teachers
I am no good with music or spectacles. The classics are beyond me I am a mediocre director except when a play or film touches a part of my life's experience I do have courage, even some daring. I am able to talk to actors I have strong, even violent feelings, and they are assets.
When I talk to the actors they begin to give me ideas, and I grab them because the ideas they give me turn them on. I want the breath of life from them rather than the mechanical fulfillment of the movement which I asked for I used to be an actor for eight years, so I do appreciate their job. Despite the strong eroticism created in Baby Dollfor example, he set limits. Before shooting a seduction scene between Eli Wallach and Carroll Bakerhe privately asked Wallach, "Do you think you actually go through with seducing that girl?
What is erotic about sex to me is the seduction, not the act The scene on the swings Eli Wallach and Carroll Baker in Baby Doll is my exact idea of what eroticism in films should be. He was an actor and he knew how we acted. He would come and talk to you privately. I liked him a lot. He would always say, 'Let me see what you can do. Let me see it. Don't talk to me about it. He gave you a tremendous sense of confidence He never made me feel as though I was acting for the camera.
Many times, I never even knew where the camera was. In one important and highly emotional scene, for example, Kazan had to give Griffith fair warning: I may have to get out of line. I don't know any other way of getting an extraordinary performance out of an actor.
I never had another director that ever touched him. I was spoiled for life.
He remembers that Robert De Nirothe star of the film, "would do almost anything to succeed," and even cut his weight down from to pounds for the role. Kazan adds that De Niro "is one of a select number of actors I've directed who work hard at their trade, and the only one who asked to rehearse on Sundays.
Most of the others play tennis. Bobby and I would go over the scenes to be shot. Although he didn't know De Niro before this film, for example, Kazan later writes, "Bobby is more meticulous He figures everything out both inside and outside.
He has good emotion. He's a character actor: In a good way, but he calculates. I have worked with many movie directors—some good, some fair, some terrible. Kazan was the best actors' director by far of any I've worked for He gave his cast freedom and I've never seen a director who became as deeply and emotionally involved in a scene as Gadg He was an arch-manipulator of actors' feelings, and he was extraordinarily talented; perhaps we will never see his like again.
Hollywood Blacklist Until his death, Kazan remained controversial in some circles for testimony he gave before the House Committee on Un-American Activities HUAC ina period that many, such as journalist Michael Mills, feel was "the most controversial period in Hollywood history.
After their encounters with HUAC, the two men did not speak to each other for 12 years.
In Kazan made "On the Waterfront", which is both a reworking of the material in "The Hook" and a self-justification. Marlin Brando plays a longshoreman who "rats out" his mobster friends in the union before a congressional committee.
Everybody understood that Kazan saw himself in this character. Despite the fact that this is one of the greatest movies ever made, it is troubling to think of it in this light.
Meanwhile, Miller made his own artistic interpretation of the witch-hunt with the Broadway play "The Crucible", which was nominally about the Salem witch-hunt but understood widely as a commentary on McCarthyism.
So deep was the repressive climate in the USA at the time that newspaper reviewers were intimidated from giving the play a favorable review. It is the most produced of all of Miller's plays today, even more so than "Death of a Salesman". Miller went on to write his own waterfront play that was is in effect an answer to "On the Waterfront". His actions, like Kazan 's, violate the community's unspoken "code of honor".
Eventually Miller and Kazan had a reconciliation of sorts after Marilyn Monroe took the hands of both men, who were at the same party and more or less forced them to shake hands. This is the most intensely autobiographical of Miller's plays and depicts a character being hounded by a congressional committee for his CP membership.
Arthur Miller, Elia Kazan and the Blacklist: None Without Sin | American Masters
It is remarkable that Kazan would have directed this play given his redbaiting past. But Lee Grant, who could not work for 12 years because of the witch-hunt, told the documentary interviewers that Kazan retained certain of his pre-HUAC values, including a willingness to tackle social problems.Marilyn Monroe and Arthur Miller - "None Without Sin"
Narration provides the framework for dramatic action. Acts I and III are much longer than the other two acts.
"Miller, Kazan, and the Blacklast: None Without Sin"
Review the criteria with students so that they are aware of your expectations. After sufficient rehearsal time during class and as part of their homework assignments, the students will perform their scene. After reading, studying and performing the play, the teacher should initiate a discussion about the play and its relationship to McCarthyism.
Why is it considered an allegory? Where are the parallels? The teacher should chart the ideas that come out of the discussion. What other historical or mythical stories could you use to create an allegory about discrimination?
What topics would you choose to create an allegory about discrimination in your own life? Tell students that they will now write a brief script that allegorizes their own experience of discrimination. Explain to them that they may present this brief script for their culminating activity, and that they can use a narrator to describe the action of the scene.
Ask students to take the brief journal entry they wrote about an experience of discrimination and match it with one of the allegory topics they generated. Suggest that they begin by considering: What would be a good title for your script?