Satan and The Devil in World Religions
In mainstream Christianity, the Devil (or Satan) is a fallen angel who rebelled against God. . Mark , and openly in Luke there is an implied connection between Satan and Beelzebub (originally . Daniel Defoe in his The Political History of the Devil () describes such views as a form of "practical atheism". Satan was the highest of all the angels, but he wasn't happy. He desired to be God and rule the universe. God cast Satan out of heaven as a fallen angel. History. According to the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament, God alone controlled all events and Perhaps the earliest point in Satan's history may have its roots in the.
Story of Lucifer
On the day that you were created they were prepared. With an anointed cherub as guardian I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; you walked among the stones of fire. You were blameless in your ways from the day that you were created, until iniquity was found in you. In the abundance of your trade you were filled with violence, and you sinned; so I cast you as a profane thing from the mountain of God, and the guardian cherub drove you out from among the stones of fire.
Your heart was proud because of your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor. I cast you to the ground; I exposed you before kings, to feast their eyes on you. By the multitude of your iniquities, in the unrighteousness of your trade, you profaned your sanctuaries.
So I brought out fire from within you; it consumed you, and I turned you to ashes on the earth in the sight of all who saw you. All who know you among the peoples are appalled at you; you have come to a dreadful end and shall be no more forever" Ezekiel This passage seems to be addressed to the "king of Tyre. Satan is the principality behind the powers of this corrupt world system.
Notice the statement that is given in the passage in Ezekiel, "the anointed cherub. This angel is the highest creature the LORD ever created. No other angel, no other being was created with the intelligence that God gave to this creature.
God says that this creation is "perfect in beauty. In verse Ezekiel The word cherub is singular for cherubim. The cherubim are symbolic of God's Holy presence and His unapproachable majesty. These cherubim occupy a unique position. The "anointed cherub who covers" is the picture given to us in the Garden of Eden after Adam and Eve had been sent out and God had placed cherubim to guard the way of the tree of life.
Also, when Moses made the mercy seat and placed it into the tabernacle's Holy of Holies, God's glory came and dwelt between the cherubim. They "covered" the mercy seat with their wings. So we now see that Satan was a cherub and his position was to guard the very throne of God.
History of Satan
His position was that of protecting the holiness of God. Satan had the highest of all positions, a position which he despised and lost. We have here in Ezekiel a picture of the highest of God's creatures, perfect in wisdom, beautiful beyond description, a musician and on top of all that, he was given this high, exalted position.
But, this creation, with all of these wonderful attributes also had a free will. One day, God says to this marvelous creature, "Iniquity was found in you. However the above views remained very much a minority. Daniel Defoe in his The Political History of the Devil describes such views as a form of "practical atheism ".
Defoe wrote "that to believe the existence of a God is a debt to nature, and to believe the existence of the Devil is a like debt to reason". John Milton in Paradise Lost[ edit ] Until John Milton created the character of Satan for his Paradise Lostthe different attributes of Satan were usually ascribed to different entities.
The angel who rebelled in Heaven was not the same as the ruler in Hell. The ruler of Hell was often seen as a sort of jailer who never fell from grace. The tempting serpent of Genesis was just a serpent.
- Devil in Christianity
Milton combined the different parts of the character to show his fall from near-divine beauty and grace to his eventual skulking role as a jealous tempter. He was so successful in his characterization of Satan as a romantic hero who "would rather rule in Hell than serve in Heaven" that his version of Satan has displaced all others. Rudolf Bultmann and modernists[ edit ] Rudolf Bultmann taught that Christians need to reject belief in a literal devil as part of first century culture.
In Lucifer, the Devil in the Middle Ages, the third volume of his five volume history of the devil,  Russell argues that such theologians [as Bultmann, unnamed] are missing that the devil is part and parcel of the New Testament from its origins.
Modern Christian doctrines by denomination[ edit ] Roman Catholic views[ edit ] Luca Giordano 's painting of Archangel Michael and Fallen AngelsViennaA number of prayers and practices against the devil exist within the Roman Catholic tradition. The Prayer to Saint Michael specifically asks for Catholics to be defended "against the wickedness and snares of the devil.
Michael the Archangel who defeats the devil in the War in Heaven. The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that: The evil that surrounds us today, the disorders that plague our society, man's inconsistency and brokenness, are not only the results of original sin, but also the result of Satan's pervasive and dark action.
Although he was an angel, and thus pure spirit, he is considered a creature nonetheless. Satan's actions are permitted by divine providence. Evangelicals emphasize the power and involvement of Satan in history in varying degrees; some virtually ignore Satan and others revel in speculation about spiritual warfare against that personal power of darkness.
Unitarians and Christadelphians[ edit ] Some Christian groups and individuals view the devil in Christianity figuratively. They see the devil in the Bible as representing human sin and temptation, and any human system in opposition to God.
Devil in Christianity - Wikipedia
Early Bible fundamentalist Unitarians and Dissenters like Nathaniel LardnerRichard MeadHugh FarmerWilliam Ashdowne and John Simpsonand John Epps taught that the miraculous healings of the Bible were real, but that the devil was an allegoryand demons just the medical language of the day. Simpson in his Sermons publ. Constructing a Trinitarian Warfare Theodicy.
Such views today are taught today by Christadelphians  and the Church of the Blessed Hope. Jehovah's Witnesses beliefs and Eschatology of Jehovah's Witnesses Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Satan was originally a perfect angel who developed feelings of self-importance and craved worship that belonged to God.
Satan persuaded Adam and Eve to obey him rather than God, raising the issue—often referred to as a "controversy"—of whether people, having been granted free willwould obey God under both temptation and persecution. The issue is said to be whether God can rightfully claim to be sovereign of the universe. Satan and his demons are said to have been cast down from heaven to the earth inmarking the beginning of the " last days ". At Armageddon, Satan is to be bound for 1, years, and then given a brief opportunity to mislead perfect humanity before being destroyed.
Latter Day Saint movement In Mormonismthe Devil is a real being, a literal spirit son of God who once had angelic authority, but rebelled and fell prior to the creation of the Earth in a premortal life.