The Book of Hebrews: The Background and Purpose of Hebrews (high definition video)
lnstantly, I received messages from Daniel, Philip, and Bethany asking me about ] onathan's “relationship.” ln our family, we like to be involved, and to be honest. verbal messages act to define the nature of the interaction. ln support of this notion, One communicative consequence of their theoretical relationship between Symmetrical relationships are inferred from paired messages with the same. Dear Lord,. I offer you this prayer, to help me with my current relationship situation. Please take away all the pain and hurt in my heart. Fill it with love, joy.
Witmer] We've explored the authorship of the book of Hebrews and seen that the author's identity remains unknown. But we can still construct something of a profile for the author. Profile For the sake of time, we'll point out just two rather obvious features of the author's life.Long distance relationship (Message)
In the first place, the author of Hebrews was a Hellenistic Jew. Most scholars today agree that Paul did not write Hebrews. In the end, though, it's best to conclude with Origen that only God really knows. Hebrews' authorship has been debated throughout the years, but this shouldn't prevent us from learning as much as we can about the author and his character from clues found in the text.
We can see from the text that both Jewish and Hellenistic influences shaped the author and his book. The author's strong Jewish heritage is evident in his knowledge of the Old Testament.
In fact, he quoted the Old Testament at least 31 times in his 13 chapters. It would also appear that the author had a strong Hellenistic upbringing. In the past, interpreters pointed to the author's use of the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament, as evidence that he was a Hellenistic Jew. In the second half of the last century, however, research into the Dead Sea Scrolls has revealed that quotations initially assumed to be directly from the Septuagint, could have come from non-traditional Hebrew texts.
For this reason, we can't be certain that the author of Hebrews used the Septuagint. But despite this discovery, we can still be confident that the author of Hebrews was Hellenistic. His sophisticated Greek offers strong evidence of a Hellenistic upbringing.
And his vocabulary and style give evidence of a mastery of the language that even surpasses the writings of Luke. Not only was the author of Hebrews a Hellenistic Jew, but we can also add to our profile that he was a passionate intellectual. Interpreters widely acknowledge that the author of Hebrews was an intellectual.
The theological arguments in Hebrews are more complex than many of those found in the rest of the New Testament.
In fact, the author himself noted the priority of sophisticated theological reflection in passages like Hebrews 5: From the contents of the letter of Hebrews, there are a number of things we can say about the author. One is that he was brilliant. He knew the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament, backward and forward. He knew how to link texts in ways that were very persuasive to traditional Jewish audiences.
Probably he was a Hellenistic Jewish author, probably writing to a Hellenistic Jewish audience. When I say "Hellenistic Jewish," I mean Greek-speaking and probably in the diaspora, but very committed to their Jewish traditions and very knowledgeable in Scripture.
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Keener] Even though the author of Hebrews should be considered an intellectual, he was not a cold, detached academic. He was deeply passionate about the Christian faith. His devotion and passion for his fellow Christians is evident in his writing. Listen to the way he empathized with his audience in Hebrews Sometimes you were publicly exposed to insult and persecution; at other times you stood side by side with those who were so treated.
You sympathized with those in prison and joyfully accepted the confiscation of your property, because you knew that you yourselves had better and lasting possessions Hebrews In a similar way, in Let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles, and let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us.
Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God Hebrews It's difficult to read these and similar passages without realizing that this author was hardly an impersonal scholar. He was passionate about his audience and Christ. If we miss this passion, we miss one of the book's most prominent features.
What we also learn about the author is that he was really concerned about the people he was preaching to and writing for. He was concerned about their spiritual apathy, and so he comes back again and again to the danger of becoming weak or tired, or even apostasized. And so, he was certainly a superb theologian and interpreter of Scripture, but at the same time he was a person who knew his audience very well, evidently personally very well.
He really cared about them and was marshaling everything that he could in terms of theology, interpretation of Scripture and application to help them in their spiritual pilgrimage. Plus one other dollar. You say oh gee, that's a lot to have to pay to pay back twice what I borrowed. There's a possibility that I might have the money in 6 months.
What kind of a deal could you get me for that Mr. I say oh gee, if your willing to pay back in 6 months, then I'll just charge you half the interest for half the time. This, of course, was 1 year.
How much would you have to pay? Well, you would have to pay the original principal what you borrowed.
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I'll just write it like this. Now you say well gee that's I guess better. What happens if I don't have the money then? If I still actually need a year. We actually have a system for that. What I'll do is just say that okay, you don't have the money for me yet. I will just lend that amount that you need for you for another 6 months. We'll lend that out.
If you start with 1 and multiply by 1.
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You can see the same thing right over here. This is the same thing.
As we be multiplying 1 plus 1. This is multiplying by 2, so you could do this right over here. You could do this as 1 times 1. I'm sorry 1 times 2 to the first powerbecause your only doing it over one period over that year.
You say once again where's that 2? You're going have to pay twice what you originally borrowed. You multiply times 1.
If you wanted to see how this actually related to the interest, you could view this as I know this seems like a crazy way of rewriting what we just wrote over here. Writing 1 plus 1, but you'll see that we can keep writing this as we compound over different periods. This one right over here, we can rewrite.
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What I want to do is think Let's take these values because these are essentially inverse functions log is the inverse of exponents. If we take the points one, four, and What is y going to be here? This is saying what power I need to raise b to to get to one.
If we assume that b is non zero and that's a reasonable assumption because b to different powers are non zero, this is going to be zero for any non zero b. This is going to be zero right there, over here. We have the point one comma zero, so it's that point over there. Notice this point corresponds to this point, we have essentially swapped the x's and y's.
In general when you're taking an inverse you're going to reflect over the line, y is equal to x and this is clearly reflection over that line. Now let's look over here, when x is equal to four what is log base b of four.
What is the power I need to raise b to to get to four. We see right over here, b to the first power is equal to four. We already figured that out, when I take b to the first power is equal to four. This right over here is going to be equal to one.