How Is Queen Elizabeth II Related to Queen Elizabeth I?
Elizabeth I (7 September – 24 March ) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, who was executed two-and-a-half years after Elizabeth's birth. .. Historians have speculated that Thomas Seymour had put her off sexual relationships. Elizabeth's parents Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII. . circumstances in , rumours start spreading about the nature of Robert's relationship with the Queen. Elizabeth of York (11 February – 11 February ) was the wife of Henry VII and the first Tudor queen. to keep power within her family, and so Gloucester opted to take steps to isolate his nephews from their Woodville relations.
These included entering her bedroom in his nightgown, tickling her and slapping her on the buttocks. Parr, rather than confront her husband over his inappropriate activities, joined in. Twice she accompanied him in tickling Elizabeth, and once held her while he cut her black gown "into a thousand pieces.
However, Thomas Seymour continued scheming to control the royal family and tried to have himself appointed the governor of the King's person. Elizabeth, living at Hatfield Housewould admit nothing. Her stubbornness exasperated her interrogator, Sir Robert Tyrwhitt, who reported, "I do see it in her face that she is guilty".
Jane was proclaimed queen by the Privy Council, but her support quickly crumbled, and she was deposed after nine days. On 3 AugustMary rode triumphantly into London, with Elizabeth at her side.
Mary, a devout Catholic, was determined to crush the Protestant faith in which Elizabeth had been educated, and she ordered that everyone attend Catholic Mass; Elizabeth had to outwardly conform.
Mary's initial popularity ebbed away in when she announced plans to marry Philip of Spainthe son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and an active Catholic. In January and FebruaryWyatt's rebellion broke out; it was soon suppressed. Elizabeth fervently protested her innocence.
Mary's closest confidant, Charles V's ambassador Simon Renardargued that her throne would never be safe while Elizabeth lived; and the Chancellor, Stephen Gardinerworked to have Elizabeth put on trial. Instead, on 22 May, Elizabeth was moved from the Tower to Woodstockwhere she was to spend almost a year under house arrest in the charge of Sir Henry Bedingfield.
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Crowds cheered her all along the way. If Mary and her child died, Elizabeth would become queen. If, on the other hand, Mary gave birth to a healthy child, Elizabeth's chances of becoming queen would recede sharply. When it became clear that Mary was not pregnant, no one believed any longer that she could have a child. She was a better ally than the chief alternative, Mary, Queen of Scotswho had grown up in France and was betrothed to the Dauphin of France. By OctoberElizabeth was already making plans for her government.
On 6 November, Mary recognised Elizabeth as her heir. Accession Elizabeth I in her coronation robes, patterned with Tudor roses and trimmed with ermine Elizabeth became queen at the age of 25, and declared her intentions to her Council and other peers who had come to Hatfield to swear allegiance. The speech contains the first record of her adoption of the mediaeval political theology of the sovereign's "two bodies": And as I am but one body naturally considered, though by His permission a body politic to govern, so shall I desire you all I mean to direct all my actions by good advice and counsel.
Elizabeth's open and gracious responses endeared her to the spectators, who were "wonderfully ravished". She was then presented for the people's acceptance, amidst a deafening noise of organs, fifes, trumpets, drums, and bells. The pelican was thought to nourish its young with its own blood and served to depict Elizabeth as the "mother of the Church of England". She was a Protestant, but kept Catholic symbols such as the crucifixand downplayed the role of sermons in defiance of a key Protestant belief.
The question of her legitimacy was a key concern: For this reason alone, it was never in serious doubt that Elizabeth would embrace Protestantism. Elizabeth and her advisers perceived the threat of a Catholic crusade against heretical England. Elizabeth therefore sought a Protestant solution that would not offend Catholics too greatly while addressing the desires of English Protestants; she would not tolerate the more radical Puritans though, who were pushing for far-reaching reforms.
Elizabeth was fortunate that many bishoprics were vacant at the time, including the Archbishopric of Canterbury. Nevertheless, Elizabeth was forced to accept the title of Supreme Governor of the Church of England rather than the more contentious title of Supreme Headwhich many thought unacceptable for a woman to bear. The new Act of Supremacy became law on 8 May All public officials were to swear an oath of loyalty to the monarch as the supreme governor or risk disqualification from office; the heresy laws were repealed, to avoid a repeat of the persecution of dissenters practised by Mary.
At the same time, a new Act of Uniformity was passed, which made attendance at church and the use of an adapted version of the Book of Common Prayer compulsory, though the penalties for recusancyor failure to attend and conform, were not extreme. Although she received many offers for her hand, she never married and was childless; the reasons for this are not clear. Historians have speculated that Thomas Seymour had put her off sexual relationships.
Her last courtship was with Francis, Duke of Anjou22 years her junior. While risking possible loss of power like her sister, who played into the hands of King Philip II of Spainmarriage offered the chance of an heir. Their friendship lasted for over thirty years, until his death.
In the spring ofit became evident that Elizabeth was in love with her childhood friend Robert Dudley. However, William Cecil, Nicholas Throckmortonand some conservative peers made their disapproval unmistakably clear.
He finally remarried into which the queen reacted with repeated scenes of displeasure and lifelong hatred towards his wife, Lettice Knollys. After Elizabeth's own death, a note from him was found among her most personal belongings, marked "his last letter" in her handwriting. Elizabeth called him her "frog", finding him "not so deformed" as she had been led to expect.
Elizabeth I of England
They urged the queen to marry or nominate an heir, to prevent a civil war upon her death. She refused to do either. In April she prorogued the Parliament, which did not reconvene until she needed its support to raise taxes in Having promised to marry previously, she told an unruly House: I will never break the word of a prince spoken in public place, for my honour's sake.
And therefore I say again, I will marry as soon as I can conveniently, if God take not him away with whom I mind to marry, or myself, or else some other great let happen. William Cecil was already seeking solutions to the succession problem. In poetry and portraiture, she was depicted as a virgin or a goddess or both, not as a normal woman. Inshe spoke of "all my husbands, my good people". Mary boasted being "the nearest kinswoman she hath". Both proved unenthusiastic,  and in Mary married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnleywho carried his own claim to the English throne.
The marriage was the first of a series of errors of judgement by Mary that handed the victory to the Scottish Protestants and to Elizabeth.
Elizabeth of York - Wikipedia
Darnley quickly became unpopular and was murdered in February by conspirators almost certainly led by James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. Shortly afterwards, on 15 MayMary married Bothwell, arousing suspicions that she had been party to the murder of her husband. Elizabeth confronted Mary about the marriage, writing to her: How could a worse choice be made for your honour than in such haste to marry such a subject, who besides other and notorious lacks, public fame has charged with the murder of your late husband, besides the touching of yourself also in some part, though we trust in that behalf falsely.
The Scottish lords forced her to abdicate in favour of her son James VIwho had been born in June James was taken to Stirling Castle to be raised as a Protestant.
Mary escaped from Loch Leven in but after another defeat fled across the border into England, where she had once been assured of support from Elizabeth. Elizabeth's first instinct was to restore her fellow monarch; but she and her council instead chose to play safe. Rather than risk returning Mary to Scotland with an English army or sending her to France and the Catholic enemies of England, they detained her in England, where she was imprisoned for the next nineteen years.
Mary was soon the focus for rebellion. In there was a major Catholic rising in the North ; the goal was to free Mary, marry her to Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolkand put her on the English throne.
Mary may not have been told of every Catholic plot to put her on the English throne, but from the Ridolfi Plot of which caused Mary's suitor, the Duke of Norfolk, to lose his head to the Babington Plot ofElizabeth's spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham and the royal council keenly assembled a case against her. By lateshe had been persuaded to sanction her trial and execution on the evidence of letters written during the Babington Plot. The sincerity of Elizabeth's remorse and whether or not she wanted to delay the warrant have been called into question both by her contemporaries and later historians.
The exception was the English occupation of Le Havre from October to Junewhich ended in failure when Elizabeth's Huguenot allies joined with the Catholics to retake the port. Edward V was placed in the royal residence of the Tower of Londonostensibly for his protection.Most AMAZING Facts About Elizabeth I (The Virgin Queen)
Elizabeth Woodville fled with her younger son Richard and her daughters, taking sanctuary in Westminster Abbey. Gloucester asked Archbishop Bourchier to take Richard with him, so the boy could reside in the Tower and keep his brother Edward company.
Elizabeth Woodville, under duress, eventually agreed. Two months later, on 22 JuneEdward IV's marriage was declared invalid.
How Is Queen Elizabeth II Related to Queen Elizabeth I?
This measure legally bastardised the children of Edward IV, made them ineligible for the succession, and declared Gloucester the rightful king, with the right of succession reverting to children of George, 1st Duke of Clarenceanother late brother of Gloucester, who had been attainted in Rumours began to spread that they had been murdered, and these appear to have been increasingly widely credited, even though some undoubtedly emanated from overseas.
Although Henry Tudor was descended from King Edward III his claim to the throne was weak, owing to an act of parliament passed during the reign of Richard II in the s, that barred accession to the throne to any heirs of the legitimised offspring of Henry's great-great grandparents, John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. Whether such an unprecedented act had force of law is, however, disputed. Whatever the merits of Henry's claim, his mother and Elizabeth Woodville agreed he should move to claim the throne and, once he had taken it, marry Elizabeth of York to unite the two rival houses.
In Decemberin the cathedral of RennesHenry Tudor swore an oath promising to marry her and began planning an invasion. InElizabeth of York and her sisters left Westminster Abbey and returned to court when Elizabeth Woodville was apparently reconciled with Richard III, which may — or may not — suggest that Elizabeth Woodville believed Richard III to be innocent of any possible role in the murder of her two sons although this is unlikely owing to her involvement in Henry Tudor's failed invasion of October Richard III, despite having the larger army, was betrayed by one of his most powerful retainers, William Stanleyand died in battle.
She holds the white rose of the House of York. As the eldest daughter of Edward IV with no surviving brothers, Elizabeth of York had a strong claim to the throne in her own right, but she did not assume the throne as queen regnant. Such a precedent would not truly come to England for another 67 years, when her granddaughter, Mary Iacceded to the throne. Though initially slow to keep his promise  Henry VII acknowledged the necessity of marrying Elizabeth of York to ensure the stability of his rule and weaken the claims of other surviving members of the House of Yorkbut he ruled in his own right and claimed the throne by right of conquest and not by his marriage to the heir of the House of York.
He had no intention of sharing power. Their first son, Arthurwas born on 20 September Elizabeth of York was crowned queen on 25 November Following her coronation, she gave birth to seven more children, but only four survived infancy: Arthur, MargaretHenry and Mary.
Despite being a political arrangement at first, the marriage proved successful and both partners appear to have grown to love each other. When not at official gatherings, she lived a quiet life largely away from politics with three of her children at Eltham Palace.