Spain and Latin America
Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs on bilateral and trade Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 13, . Both countries are full members of the Latin Union, of the Association of Spanish. the regional powers in Latin America (Brazil, Mexico and Argentina). Spain The historical relations between Spain and Latin America have been a key. Our human, historical, social, cultural, political, economic and linguistic ties have made Latin America a priority in the foreign policy of Spanish governments.
A Familial Relation? Spain and Latin America in the 21st Century
Adding to the concern, Spanish companies were also accused of engaging in irresponsible environmental practices. A shared language has produced a common market for cultural products: Spain and Latin America share many culinary practices and dishes.
Catholicism is the dominant religion in both. Spain also has a sizable Latin American immigrant community. Latin Americans immigrating to Spain often seek to escape the economic downturn in their home countries and gain higher wages in Spain.
According to the census, Immigrating to Spain is relatively easy; among Spanish-speaking Latin American countries, only citizens of Ecuador, Bolivia, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic require a visa to visit Spain, and in the case where a visa is required, it is relatively easy to obtain compared to a U. However, this has more to do with the negative association with far-right parties that Spaniards have due to the memories of the Franco dictatorship than an absence of anti-immigrant sentiments.
Overall, the Latin American community in Spain still faces significant challenges. A survey found that 58 percent of Latin Americans in Spain believed that discrimination against them was widespread.
A Familial Relation? Spain and Latin America in the 21st Century – COHA
Despite the economic downturn and separatist sentiments in Spain, Spain is never going to disengage with Latin America. Please accept this article as a free contribution from COHA, but if re-posting, please afford authorial and instituional attribution. Exclusive rights can be negotiated. More recently, it has sought closer relation with SenegalMauritaniaMali and others to find solutions for the issue of illegal immigration to the Canary Islands.
In its relations with the Arab worldSpain frequently supports Arab positions on Middle East issues.
The Arab countries are a priority interest for Spain because of oil and gas imports and because several Arab nations have substantial investments in Spain. The accession of Spain and Portugal to the EU in has helped ease some of their periodic trade frictions by putting these into an EU context. Franco-Spanish bilateral cooperation has been enhanced by joint action against recurring violence by separatist Basque group ETA since the s.
Ties with the United Kingdom are generally good, although the question of Gibraltar remains a sensitive issue, especially since the UK vote on Brexit. Asia[ edit ] Today, Spain is trying to expand its still narrow relations with East Asian nations with ChinaJapan and South Korea as its main points of interest in the region.
In the recent years Spain has also been boosting its contacts, relations and investment in other Asian countries, most notably Vietnam and Malaysia. Spain has a special interest in this area because of historical ties and a common linguistic, cultural, and religious heritage.
In the post-Franco years, economic investments and diplomatic initiatives were added to the more nostalgic links between Spain and its former colonies. Relations between Spain and Latin America have undergone profound transformation since Spain's imperial days.
Resentment of Spain as the imperial power continued long after the colonial period, because many Latin Americans blamed Spain for their lack of progress and for their problems with democratization. In the early years of independence, the attitude of most Latin Americans was one of disdain for Spain.
This changed, following the Spanish-American War in The devastating defeat inflicted upon Spain by the United States combined with increased United States interference in Latin America led the two Hispanic areas to draw closer together in the face of a common enemy.
Both Spain and Latin America began to re-emphasize their common ties of culture, language, and religion, although trade, diplomatic, and political relations between the two areas remained minimal. During the s, modernized methods of communications and transportation facilitated closer contacts between Spain and Latin America.
Trade increased, and Spain's rapid economic growth in the s and the s enabled the country to approach its relations with Latin America from a position of greater economic strength. A paradoxical foreign policy phenomenon during this period was the refusal of the fiercely anticommunist Franco to break off relations with Fidel Castro Ruz's Marxist Cuba.
In this instance, historical ties appeared to take precedence over ideology. After Franco's death, Spain's transition to a democratic form of government was paralleled by the establishment of various forms of democratic rule in some Latin American countries.