Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
and her white women peers, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Carrie While Anthony and Stanton are in history books — and will soon be on the Ida B. Wells-Barnett, a prominent journalist, championed The Voting Rights Act of outlawed voting taxes and literacy tests and helped prevent. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony In , Stanton started working with Susan B. Anthony, a well-known abolitionist. The two women made a great. It would take American women 14 more years after Anthony's death to live the dream of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.
Churches that had shown some openness to women's speech in the mid-eighteenth century were, by the early nineteenth, reasserting traditional forms of male authority.
Even in politics, the barriers of sex had been less rigid, less seemingly absolute, in than they would be during Elizabeth Cady's youth. Indeed, the Revolution itself, while underscoring the political equality of greater numbers of white men, saw a narrowing of elite women's conventional access to public authority.
It was a time that would, before too long, seethe with changes in law, religion, trade, politics, transportation, class structures, and, of course, ideas about women.
Vast changes would take place that the Cadys could not possibly imagine or predict. Indeed, among Elizabeth Cady Stanton's generation of Americans would be the first women to attend college, once Oberlin formally admitted them in ; the first female doctors, once sisters Emily and Elizabeth Blackwell earned their medical degrees; and an astonishing array of female speakers, antislavery reformers, writers, editors, labor activists, educators, and, of course, advocates of woman suffrage.
But before imagining the change that would occur, consider the world, and the rules, into which these women, citizens of the United States, were born. Inwhen Elizabeth Cady was fifteen, the common-law notion of coverture — that is, the idea that wives were "covered" by their husbands' protection — virtually defined the laws of marriage. Although women tended to bear somewhat fewer children than they had a century earlier, childbearing was still frequent and deadly. Legal divorce, as opposed to less formal desertion, was rare, and custody of minor children went to the husband, who essentially "owned" their labor.
The opportunities for middle- and upper-class women to live independently of men — whether husbands, fathers, or brothers — were few indeed, and it would not be until the very late nineteenth century that significant numbers of them could do so.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony: A Friendship that Changed the World
Women could not serve on a jury, though they were tried often enough for crimes; nor could they speak out about such crimes in most religious assemblies.
In cities, new commercial markets presented both opportunities and pitfalls for women; they ran shops and small manufactories, operated millinery businesses, opened schools, and did the grueling work that the growing upper classes expected of seamstresses, servants, and nursemaids.
But if these enterprising women married, their wages were no longer their own, but their husbands'. Over the next century, much of this — first and mostly among the upper and middle classes — would change. The Cadys, who married inwhen Margaret was sixteen, flourished in Johnstown and in this larger world, living in a large house on a corner of Main Street.
Aided by his ties to Margaret's brother-in-law, the fabulously wealthy Peter Smith, Daniel Cady established himself as a lawyer, landowner, state legislator, and judge. The couple had eleven children, of whom only six would survive childhood; the only son among those, Eleazar, would die at twenty. The Cady family's economic privilege and social authority are nearly invisible threads running through Stanton's recollections, unquestioned and, to Stanton, unproblematic.
Her most vivid, and oft-repeated, story was that of a brilliant, boisterous, rebellious little girl, eleven years old, whose only living brother, Eleazar, had just died.
How dark the household must have seemed.
Distraught, she crawled into her father's lap, seeking to give and receive comfort. But her grieving, distracted father put his arm around her and sighed, "Oh, my daughter, I wish you were a boy!
Every girl who has yearned to impress an accomplished or demanding father, every woman who has felt the slight of being thought less promising than her brothers, can relate to the insult. Elizabeth Cady, as it turned out, had more than enough reserves of self-esteem to survive the slap, though she never forgot it; not only was she as brilliant as the boys and men around her, but she knew it.
She was, as one historian puts it, "singularly unaffected with psychological insecurity," and she quickly put her extraordinary self-confidence to work. But the political moral that she took from this childhood affront was the germ of something even larger: She took this insult very personally indeed. Is it possible to sympathize, however grudgingly, with Judge Cady? But the man had just lost his only living son, at an age when the young man's promise was evident but his path not clearly marked, and at a time when a man such as the judge could reasonably rest his ambitions for succession only on boys.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony: A Friendship that Changed the World |
It is possible to read Daniel Cady's comment to his daughter not simply as a putdown, though it surely was that, but also as an acknowledgment that her intellect and her wit would in fact have found more expansive arenas if she had been a boy. Elizabeth's father was neither so wrong nor uniquely old-fashioned in feeling a twinge of regret that this gifted child was a girl, for in the judge's world, and pretty much everyplace else, the barriers that limited her sex were real indeed.
Stanton decides not to attend but gives in to Anthony's requests. New National Women's Suffrage Association Stanton becomes president of the new association. On the Road Again Anthony becomes the living symbol of women's suffrage.
She ceaselessly campaigns all over the country. Expansion of Women's Rights Women infiltrated medicine and the clergy, could own property, and keep their earnings. To Be Wed to an Idea Anthony argues that marital love and harmony need not be lost when women are granted equal rights.
Women's suffrage, she writes, will uplift all of mankind, not just women. Champion of Women's Rights Age and appetite slows her down, but her mind remains keen.
Disappointment for Susan B. Anthony's disappointment is great when Stanton turns her offer down. Each woman is "settling in" to her own place. Elizabeth Cady Stanton's Best Speech Stanton resigns as president. Stanton delivers her best speech entitled, "The Solitude of Self. Stanton argues that in the hardest times of their lives, most women will be alone. All women must learn to rely on themselves. Solitude of Self The story is as valid a century ago as it is today.
Anthony will not rest nor permit anything to deter her from her goal of women's suffrage. Black Women and the Vote Anthony Makes a Compromise Anthony knows that exclusion of black women from the suffrage movement is wrong. Her political instincts told her, however, that she could not afford to lose the support of white Southern women. The Woman's Bible Stanton points her readers to the second story of creation in which God creates them equally. Need to Appease Conservative Women Anthony does not help Stanton with her project to rewrite the Bible.
She fears the project will offend conservative women newly recruited for the suffrage movement. Censure of Elizabeth Cady Stanton Anthony rises to her friend's defense but to no avail. Steadfast to the Cause She asks Anthony to resign the presidency in protest.
For Suffragette Elizabeth Cady Stanton, All Women Were Not Created Equal : NPR
Anthony chooses to stay in office to continue her work. Bonds of Friendship Elizabeth unlike the numerous ladies of her period, she was formally taught. She went to an Academy up to the age of 16 years. In her education, she specialized in various things among them learning Greek and Latin languages, religion and also arithmetic.
She appreciated being in co-instructive classes where she could contend mentally and scholastically with young men her age and older at the academy. She managed to win a few scholarly honors and respects, including the honor for the Greek language. The education she acquired could be utilized later to push for the rights of women in the various movements.
The journey started in At this time Stanton became angry of her residential repression after she got her last three children having moved and stayed in Seneca Falls in New York America. Lucretia Mott was a well-known female abolitionist in America. The two had become allies especially when the males in the convention denied the women participation in the proceedings.
This angered them most and ended up uniting them Coughlin and Charles These movements of women mark July 13 as their birthday. This is because of the role that Elizabeth Cady Stanton played back in the years of 13th day of the month of July when she was invited for a cup of tea with other colleagues. During this unusual meeting, it came up that the women were pissed off with the treatment given to them by the society. They therefore planned to have a conference which would bring women together to voice their grievances.
A convention was organized from there which turned out to be one of the large programs to have happened by then. The movement grew stronger and by good leadership provided by the pioneers, it celebrated the th anniversary in marking the great achievements Stanton et al In the subsequent 50 years, women suffrage supporters attempted to teach people in general about the legitimacy of women suffrage.
When the new century rolled over, ladies reformers in the club development and in the settlement house development needed to pass change enactment. Notwithstanding, numerous legislators were unwilling to tune into a disappointed gathering. In this way, after some time ladies started to understand that with a specific end goal to accomplish change, they expected to win the privilege to vote.
Hence, when the new century rolled over, the women suffrage development turned into a mass movement. After three years, she tended to the New York council on the way forward in achieving the rights of women.
The two ladies cooperated in achieving a similar dream which they both shared. At the time of her administration of the association, Elizabeth Stanton scandalized numerous supporters by proposing that drunkenness is made adequate reason for divorce. Afterward, in state after state, once ladies picked up the privilege to vote, they could press for different political measures to lessen inebriation, saw to be to a great extent an issue including the male sex DuBois, Therefore, the two movements turned out to be much of the time associated.
Profound clashes among reformers by endeavoring to connection woman suffrage to dark suffrage and, when their endeavors bombed, by reprimanding the 14th and 15th Amendments for overlooking female suffrage were later made by the two of them after the war.