Na wiosnę roku sułtan Osman II ruszył na Rzeczpospolitą, osobiście prowadząc wojsko. We wrześniu Turcy stanęli pod Chocimiem. Polakom przyszło się. Battle of Chocim: Osman II: Realizing that his defeat at Chocim (Khotin, Ukraine) in largely stemmed from the lack of discipline and the degeneracy of the. Category:Battle of Khotyn () Start time, 2 September End time, 9 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz in Chocim jpg × ; 77 KB.

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Battle of Khotyn (chocim) 1621 Ukrainian Book Cossacks Ottoman Empire Tatars

In the afternoon the big Ottoman forces attacked the Cossack camp. When he returned to Constantinople on 27 Decemberhe entered with a victory procession; there were three days and nights of victory celebrations.

This was a prelude on things to come. The Commonwealth camp covered some eight square kilometres. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In other chkcim, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details.

Battle of Khotyn () – Wikipedia

This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat In addition, two fortified camps were set in front of the main defence line: Other name variations include Chotynor Choczim especially in Polish. In Poland, meantime, the Sejmshaken by the previous year’s defeat, agreed to raise taxes and fund a larger army, as well as to recruit a large number of Cossack allies.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This article is about the battle that occurred in The Commonwealth hetman held the sultan at bay for a whole month, until the first snow of autumn compelled Osman to withdraw his diminished forces. This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

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In the Commonwealth, and among the Cossacks, the stopping of the huge Ottoman army was seen as a great victory. The Tatar force took Commonwealth defenders by surprise, taking many prisoners.

On September 2 the Ottomans tried to breach the unfinished Cossack camp. Poland-Lithuania and the Second Northern War, There were stationed 3 squadrons as day sentries at the gate of the Crown-Hetman, and they did not suspect anything. In consequence, only a few hundred Moldavian supporters appeared in the Commonwealth camp.

Khotyn’s famous castle was built by the Genoese and expanded by subsequent rulers.

On 24 September, a few days before the siege was to be lifted, the aged Grand Hetman died of exhaustion and illness in the camp. Part of the Polish—Ottoman War — The Commonwealth army took up a defensive stance at Chocim, building a sophisticated series of fortifications that allowed them to use their cavalry to launch counterattacks during the battle.

Defending the Polish banner at Chocim in Juliusz Kossak, During the first day of fight the 18thmost of the Moldavians decided to switch sides, and quickly attacked the Polish flank. The following other wikis use this file: Polish wars and conflicts. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Polish-Lithuanian army arrived near Khotyn around August 24 and 1261 entrenching itself near the Khotyn Fortressblocking the path of the Ottoman march.


The victory allowed the Poles to revoke the unfavourable Peace of Buchach and set the stage for the role Sobieski was to play in the Battle of Vienna in The Cossacks had received reinforcements from the Polish-Lithuanian army and held their positions.

In April an army of ,—, soldiers [9] sources varyled by Osman IIadvanced from Constantinople and Edirne towards the Polish frontier. The Polish charge inflicted heavy casualties and had a huge impact on the morale of the Ottoman army.

On August 31, Ottoman cavalry, in turn, struck at the Cossack forces outside camp.

File:Battle of Chocim 1621.PNG

This attack started a very fierce fight. In some clauses it favoured the Commonwealth, but the Ottoman Empire also got what it wanted.

Although the Polish defenders were weakened, the Ottomans failed to break their morale. The lateness of the season, the loss of approximately 40, of his men in battle, the general exhaustion of the Ottoman army, and the fact that his large force was also running out of supplies compelled Osman II to accept a request from the defenders to start negotiations, [11]: That opposition resulted in the rebellion of janissaries inin which Osman II was deposed and killed.

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