Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

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Le Cheikh-el-islam Tahar Ben Achour”. He historicizes Qur’anic verses the same way classical scholars have done through asnur concept of abrogation Naskh and occasions of revelation Asbab al-Nuzulbut takes the Maqasid al-Shari’ah welfare objectives of the Islamic law into account where a restriction on freedom of religion would violate the preservation of religion and intellect Hifz al-Din wa al-‘Aql.

He is best remembered for his Qur’anic exegesis, al-Tahrir wa’l-tanwir The Verification and Enlightenment. This tells us that the law is based on reason. He worried that taking a solitary ahad hadith in isolation from the body of shari’ah would end the quest for understanding in context.

He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life. It was clear to him that the lack of ijtihad had grave consequences. This article needs additional citations for verification. In cold climates, that would not apply. The shari’ah came down in the Arabic language to the Arabic people, and therefore its coloring and style are Arabic.

Ibn Ashur claimed that the basis of shari’ah must be rational. Influenced by a visit to Tunisia by Muhammad Abduh, Ibn Ashur combined knowledge of the classics with a desire to revive Islamic civilization. He was a writer and author on the subject of reforming Islamic education and jurisprudence.


Muslim scholars of the Maliki School. He is famous for rejecting Habib Bourguiba ‘s president of Tunisia request for a fatwa to justify abandoning the fast of the month of Ramadan because it harmed productivity.

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However, in Ibn ‘Ashur’s interpretation, 9: Ibn Ashur says that a weak hadith is open to error, and qiyas is open to error, but in addition, the weak hadith may be a ahur and the consequence of using it would be worse than using qiyas. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.

He positioned himself as a bridge between the classical Islamic legal heritage and the needs of a modern world. When he entered Zaytunacare was made to provide him the best teachers.

Ibn Ashur called for ijtihad in the strongest terms.

Ibn Ashur: Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shari’ah

He understands verses 9: Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. His grandfather was asnur renowned. His work on the ultimate purposes of Shari’a represented an attempt to revive the maqasid theory of Shatibi and an effort to renew Islamic legal theory. He called for a group of mujtahids from countries around the world, from different madhahib schoolsto address the needs inb the community, as the basis for a renewal of civilisation.

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Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr – Brill Reference

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. He suggested that comments seemingly to the contrary from Imam al-Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal must be distortions of their work. He claimed that qshur discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities.


The entire field surrounding the word must be considered.

Preferring a solitary hadith over a rational deduction based on context would be problematic. However, its intent is universal and so must be intelligible everywhere. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Retrieved from ” https: One of the most fascinating approaches to the issue of coherence between Qur’an 2: Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker.

Ibn Ashur : Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shariah

For example, the mandate of keeping raisin juice in ashru kinds of containers comes from the fact that in the heat of the Hijaz the juice would quickly ferment. This page was last edited on 9 Novemberat He said, “One of the greatest things required by the universality of the shari’ah is that its rules be equal for all the communities following it to the utmost extent possible, because similarity in the flow of rules and laws is a help for achieving group unity in the community.

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