Legislative branch | NCpedia
State Government; Legislative branch NC legislative building The legislature meets annually; the so-called "Long Session" occurs in odd. Meeting place. Salle du Manège, Paris. The Legislative Assembly (French: Assemblée législative) was the legislature of France from 1 Its successor body, the Legislative Assembly, operating over the liberal French Constitution of inclined to side with the Left, but would also occasionally back proposals from the Right. Analysis - Can anyone change France? the start of the Fifth Republic, most recently in July , when the French "Congress" The cabinet, le Conseil des ministres, meets on a weekly basis, and is presided Political rally in Paris.
Preachers of every Protestant denomination appeared.
United States Capitol
Catholic priests began officiating in As early as January a female evangelist, Dorothy Ripleydelivered a camp meeting-style exhortation in the House to Jefferson, Vice President Aaron Burrand a "crowded audience".
George Bomford and Joseph Gardner Swiftboth military engineers, were called upon to help rebuild the Capitol. Reconstruction began in and included redesigned chambers for both Senate and House wings now sideswhich were completed by During the reconstruction, Congress met in the Old Brick Capitola temporary structure financed by local investors. Construction continued through towith the addition of the center section with front steps and columned portico and an interior Rotundarising above the first low dome of the Capitol.
Latrobe is principally connected with the original construction and many innovative interior features; his successor, Bulfinch, also played a major role, such as the design of the first low dome covered in copper. The House and Senate Wings[ edit ] Daguerreotype of east side of the Capitol inby John Plumbe Byit became clear that the Capitol could not accommodate the growing number of legislators arriving from newly admitted states.
Walter to carry out the expansion. Two new wings were added — a new chamber for the House of Representatives on the south side, and a new chamber for the Senate on the north.
United States Capitol dome Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln inbefore the partially complete Capitol dome The expansion more than doubled the length of the Capitol, and dwarfed the original, timber-framed, copper-sheeted, low dome ofdesigned by Charles Bulfinch which was no longer in proportion with the increased size of the building. Inthe decision was made to tear it down and replace it with the " wedding-cake style " cast-iron dome that stands today.
Also designed by Thomas U. Like Mansart 's dome at " Les Invalides " which he had visited inWalter's dome is double, with a large oculus in the inner dome, through which is seen " The Apotheosis of Washington " painted on a shell suspended from the supporting ribs, which also support the visible exterior structure and the tholos that supports The " Statue of Freedom ", a colossal statue that was raised to the top of the dome in Capitol in the distance view When the Capitol's new dome was finally completed, its massive visual weight, in turn, overpowered the proportions of the columns of the East Porticobuilt in Bird's-eye view of Washington toward the west and northwest with The Capitol — The next major expansion to the Capitol started inwith a Ina connecting extension incorporated what had been an outside wall as an inside wall.
In the process, the Corinthian columns were removed. It was not until that landscape designer Russell Page created a suitable setting for them in a large meadow at the U. National Arboretum in northeast Washington as the National Capitol Columnswhere they are combined with a reflecting pool in an ensemble that reminds some visitors of the ruins of Persepolisin Persia.
Besides the columns, hundreds of blocks of the original stone were removed and are stored behind a National Park Service maintenance yard in Rock Creek Park. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican and St. Paul's Cathedral in London. On September 18,to commemorate the Capitol's bicentennial, the Masonic ritual cornerstone laying with George Washington was reenacted.
Senator Strom Thurmond was one of the Freemason politicians who took part in the ceremony.
National Legislative Assembly (France) - Wikipedia
On June 20,ground was broken for the Capitol Visitor Centerwhich opened on December 2, The new underground facility provides a grand entrance hall, a visitors theater, room for exhibits, and dining and restroom facilities, in addition to space for building necessities such as an underground service tunnel.
A large-scale Capitol dome restoration project, the first extensive such work since —, began inwith completion scheduled before the presidential inauguration. The Banque de Francethe central bank, is independent financial and economic code, L and following. This was a prerequisite for integrating the European System of Central Banks.Constitution Hall Pass: The Legislative Branch
The National Commission on Campaign Accounts and Political Financing Commission Nationale des Comptes de Campagne et des Financements Politiques regulates the financing and spending of political parties and political campaign. Public media corporations should not be influenced in their news reporting by the executive in power, since they have the duty to supply the public with unbiased information. Its resources must come solely from its commercial sales.
The majority of the seats in its board are held by representatives of the French press. The government also provides for watchdogs over its own activities; these independent administrative authorities are headed by a commission typically composed of senior lawyers or members of the Parliament.
Each of the two chambers of the Parliament often has its own commission, but sometimes they collaborate to create a single Commission nationale mixte paritaire.
In addition, the duties of public service limit the power that the executive has over the French Civil Service. For instance, appointments, except for the highest positions the national directors of agencies and administrationsmust be made solely on merit or time in office, typically in competitive exams.
Certain civil servants have statuses that prohibit executive interference; for instance, judges and prosecutors may be named or moved only according to specific procedures. Public researchers and university professors enjoy academic freedom ; by law, they enjoy complete freedom of speech within the ordinary constraints of academia. Some important directorates and establishments[ edit ] The government also provides specialized agencies for regulating critical markets or limited resources, and markets created by regulations.
Although, as part of the administration, they are subordinate to the ministers, they often act with high independence.
The National Agency for Employment Agence nationale pour l'emploi ANPE maintained a public registry for the allocation of social benefits to unemployed people but now a single registry is shared with the independent ASSEDIC paying them, a joint association of employers and workers unionsassists them as well as employers seeking people, and controls them. The French State names its general director and the Parliament provides for its finances and personnel, but it only owns one third of the seats at its decision board of directors the other seats are shared equally by unions of employers and workers.
Organization of government services[ edit ] Each ministry has a central administration administration centralegenerally divided into directorates. These directorates are usually subdivided into divisions or sub-directorates.
Each direction is headed by a director, named by the President in Council. The central administration largely stays the same regardless of the political tendency of the executive in power. In addition, each minister has a private office, which is composed of members whose nomination is politically determined, called the cabinet.
They are quite important and employ numbers of highly qualified staff to follow all the administrative and political affairs. They are powerful, and have been sometimes considered as a parallel administration, especially, but not only, in all matters that are politically sensitive. Each cabinet is led by a chief of staff named directeur de cabinet. The government also maintains public establishments. These have a relative administrative and financial autonomy, to accomplish a defined mission.
They are attached to one or more supervising authorities. These are classified into several categories: One essential difference is that in administrations and public establishments of an administrative character operate under public law, while establishments of an industrial and commercial character operate mostly under private law.
A consequence is that in the former, permanent personnel are civil servants, while normally in the latter, they are contract employees. Social security organizations, though established by statute and controlled and supervised by the state, are not operated nor directly controlled by the national government. Instead, they are managed by the "social partners" partenaires sociaux — unions of employers such as the MEDEF and unions of employees.