Nigeria has the highest number of children out of school. A lack of education vastly reduces a child's chances of escaping poverty and has Please make a year-end gift today to show your ongoing support for our independent journalism. Sign in or create your Guardian account to join the discussion. Nigerian economy from the period to (poverty rate) and four explanatory variables (primary school . initiating substantial economic growth that now takes place in the two countries. . this does not mean that our variables of choice do not explain the relationship between human capital. between capital expenditure on education and growth and primary school enrolment and from abject poverty and from the drudgery of rural farm life. Parents see the . now made of two tiers i.e. three years of Junior secondary and 3 years of . Oladele (), this study seek to examine the causal relationship between.
The anti-poverty charity ActionAid has been challenging such beliefs in northern Nigeria for years. Working with local communities and religious leaders, our team has helped to promote girls' education and show how the Qur'an positively values their schooling. We are pressing for the recruitment of more female teachers, since Muslim parents are likelier to send girls to school where their teacher is a woman.
We have seen how the construction of sanitation facilities, particularly separate lavatories for girls, has encouraged many pupils to stay in school.
Female education in Nigeria - Wikipedia
Social attitudes are slowly changing in parts of the north, but so much more can be achieved with greater investment. Additional funds have not been forthcoming, however.
Despite recently overtaking South Africa as the continent's biggest economyNigeria invests less in education than almost any other country in Africa. There are two key indicators of good practice in education expenditure: Nigeria spends just 1.
Many girls do not have access to adequate education past a certain age. Currently, the female adult literacy rate ages 15 and above for the country was It is differences in education that have led to this gap in literacy. However, in the age group 6—9 years primary school ages it was only 3. According to the Examination Council of Nigeria there are still other problems, such as high drop-out rates of females students, poor performance, reluctance on the part of females students to enroll in science-based courses and poor classroom participation  Across various geo-political delineations in Nigeria, a greater percentage of school-age girls are needlessly out-of-school, compared with the ratio applicable to boys of same age grouping.
A reason for this situation is the cultural notion that the male will carry the family name while the female will marry. Also the option of street begging by young disabled girls in order to earn income can inhibit their attendance of classes. In Nigeria, educational facilities are generally believed to be inadequate and access is limited for many, especially girls and women. Culture, values and tradition[ edit ] Various cultural and social values have historically contributed to gender disparity in education.
According to work done by Denga, one prominent cultural view is that it is better for the woman to stay home and learn to tend to her family instead of attending school. Therefore, the same patriarchal practices encouraged preference to be given to the education of a boy rather than a girl.
Economic Growth & Poverty in Nigeria: Part 2 of 2 | Evans School of Public Policy and Governance
Cost of education[ edit ] The decline in economic activities since the early s has made education a luxury to many Nigerians, especially those in rural areas.
Because daughters have assumed responsibilities in the home, she is less likely to be the one to attend school.
Until equal numbers of girls and boys are in school, it will be impossible to build the knowledge necessary to eradicate poverty and hunger, combat disease and ensure environmental sustainability. It is extremely important that girls have access to an education.
For every additional year girls go to school, they receive 20 percent higher wages and suffer 10 percent fewer child deaths.
As a result, their infants and children have higher survival rates and tend to be healthier and better nourished. According to The International Center for Research on Women, the education that a girl receives is the strongest predictor of the age she will marry and is a critical factor in reducing the prevalence of child marriage. Here, we discuss the relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria, explore factors that may influence this relationship, and highlight how this relationship potentially affects aid allocation to countries like Nigeria.
While previous research demonstrates this correlation at a global scale, some authors contend that the correlation may be heavily influenced by trends in more populous countries such as China and India, which have seen particularly large economic growth and poverty reduction over the past 30 years.
In many developing countries, persistent income inequality may keep poor populations from benefiting from economic growth.
We compare different economic growth measures and poverty measures in Nigeria betweenand find that estimates of elasticity vary across different measures, especially between and Looking at the equivalent measure of GNI per capita, PPP, we would conclude that economic growth in was associated with large increases in poverty, but there has been almost no effect in more recent years.
Female education in Nigeria
Overall, we observe no consistent relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria, as measures of poverty have not changes significantly since in spite of continued economic growth. Our review suggests several factors that may affect this relationship and limit the potential positive effect of economic growth on poverty reduction.
Economic inequality in Nigeria is growing, with an ever-increasing economic gap between the relatively affluent urban southern region and the comparatively poor rural populations in the north.