Power, Authourity and Legitimacy; the similarities and Disperities | Isa ISMAIL - artsocial.info
difference between power and authority. ▻ Power = the ability Legitimacy is the basis of stable government, Schattschneider – “Some issues are organised . In politics Power gets used to implement a decision. The role of Power becomes most effective when Power does not remain a source of. This, however, leaves the precise character of the power relationship in need of .. issues, which are the focal point of the concepts of authority and legitimacy.
Your capacity to influence will depend on your ability to gather information and mobilise resources and support Expertise: This is most acceptable but your expertise needs to be recognised. Technical knowledge is about a product or service. Process knowledge is about how to get things done.
Charisma or respect for the integrity, judgement and consideration of someone who is influential behind the scenes. You are often driven by a mixture of them. Remember that your sources of power will vary from situation to situation. Your position to impose rules and procedures. Push strategies attempt to influence by imposing or threatening to impose costs on your target.
This will depend on your position and the resources you control and might lead to a climate of fear and distrust. Pull reward strategies are the basis of theories of motivation and depends on the reward being desired and fair.
Praise and recognition are often used. Persuasion is the achievement of influence through appeals to reason.
Relation between Power, Authority and Legitimacy
You can draw on your expertise and control of information and the delivery of the argument is important. This is the preferred option because people will do what you want because they believe in what you are trying to do.
But avoid assuming that other people share your values, see things like you do and that they are wrong if they disagree.
Lukes sees power in three forms: Decision-making — associated with liberal and pluralist perceptions focussing on who actually makes the decisions. Boulding argues decision-making influenced in three ways: Different groups have a say on different aspects. Elitist critiques argue this fails to understand unequal influence of key elites — real decisions made by a fixed elite — real power belongs to banks and military C.
Advocates strong, monarchical government. Agenda setting — Bachrach Baratz —idea of non-decision making. Links to influential parties who collectively agree or just block discussion — slight elitist theory. Elite tend to dominate flow of information and media and so use this to their advantage.
Look at the way demonstrations are portrayed in the media.Power and Authority
Thought control — previous two assume that people and groups are rational and capable of knowing their own mind. The ability to manipulate human behaviour can be shaped — some argue this is where the real power lies. Marxist ideas based on favouritism of state towards bourgeoisie and their power through economy and politics — Gramsci and bourgeois hegemony — bourgeoisie literally control popular culture and so control the way we think.
Therefore we think life is only better with material goods so bourgeoisie benefit even more. New Left ideas and Marcuse — link to totalitarianism but with media, TUs, adverts, culture replacing brutal coercion manipulating needs.
Liberals reject this — individuals are rational. Authority a form of rightful power. Weber linked authority to legitimacy — different approach from others stating that legitimacy gave power authority.
Authority seldom exercised in absence of power. Patriarchalism — links to hereditary systems.
Power, authority and influence – Oliver Thylmann’s Thoughts
Less relevant today, although evident in one form in theocratic states — the resurgence of this type of authority can be seen as a response to the failure of other types in degenerative Western capitalism. Owes nothing to status, social position or office, yet can be used to promote the interests of society Rousseau and Law Giver. Charismatic has an almost messianic quality — treated with suspicion — Talmon and criticism of Rousseau. Legal-rational — situation for most liberal democratic Western capitalist societies.
Operates through a body of clearly defined rules — linked to formal powers of office not office holder.
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Less likely to be abused than other 2 as the limit of authority is defined. Arises out of a respect for the rule of law and is evident in the constitutional framework of long-established states. Can be seen as de-personalising as there can be a relentless spread of bureaucracy e.
De jure authority — authority in law. Authority from an office. Operates according to a set of rules. Related to being IN authority. De facto — authority in practice.
Power, authority and influence
Closely linked to charismatic. Authority by virtue of who they are — being AN authority. Can authority exist without power? Weberian sense of traditional and charismatic forms all exert influence without the need to persuade.